Vol 7 No 2 (2020)

Credit Constraints and the Productivity of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises: Evidence from Canada

Mark Lim
University of Ottawa, Canada.
Jessica Foster
University of Ottawa, Canada.
Published August 17, 2020
93 Views | 32 Downloads
  • Credit Constraints; Productivity; Canada.
How to Cite
Lim, M., & Foster, J. (2020). Credit Constraints and the Productivity of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises: Evidence from Canada. Asian Journal of Economics and Empirical Research, 7(2), 178-185. https://doi.org/10.20448/journal.501.2020.72.178.185


Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are regulators of the business environment. In Canada, SMEs represent about 50 percent of businesses and are responsible for over 60 percent of the country’s employment. The role of SMEs in the development of a country can’t be ignored, as they are vital indicators of economic development. The size and cash flow of a company's assets are reliable indicators of credit constraints (CC), which results in a CC agent for models that use an asset-to-liability ratio. We focus on the actual impact of a previously estimated score in cases where corporate credit is limited. Investment and employment decisions are based on productivity shocks (PS) and the possibility of CC. Using variables, our model indicates the importance of measured credit restrictions being distinguished, such as cash flows that indicate productivity levels and the probability of CC. The data samples are from 2009 to 2014, although the measurement of CC is only available from 2011. Therefore, we use the model of credit constraint estimation to anticipate the likelihood of CC in the months before and after 2011. The findings reflect that the firm’s size, debt to assets ratio, and cash flow are significant factors in the evaluation of the CC, whereas long-term debt (LTD) to asset ratio wasn’t found to be significant. The study also evaluates and estimates firm-level productivity.


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