Vol 7 No 1 (2020)
Articles

Food Security in Urban Households: The Role of Women in an Asian Context

C.W. Kalansooriya
Department of Economics, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka.
W. G. V. Gunasekara
Department of Business Economics, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka.
P. G. S. A. Jayarathne
Department of Marketing Management, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka.
Published April 27, 2020
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155 Views | 33 Downloads
Keywords
  • Food security, Urban households, Women’s role, Asia, Dietary diversity.
Citations
How to Cite
Kalansooriya, C., Gunasekara, W. G. V., & Jayarathne, P. G. S. A. (2020). Food Security in Urban Households: The Role of Women in an Asian Context. Economy, 7(1), 11-18. https://doi.org/10.20448/journal.502.2020.71.11.18

Abstract

Assuring food security is one of the challenges in low and middle-income countries with their rapid urbanization. The role of women has been identified as a key to food security in rural societies, however, yet to make conclusions in an urban setting. Hence this study tries to analyse the role of women in urban households while addressing the context-specific social and cultural differences of women’s role in Asia. The study uses data from Sri Lanka Household Income and Expenditure Survey-2016 and estimates the impact of women's role using the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method. The relative status of food security of each household is measured using the Household Dietary Diversity Score (HDDS). The study finds a higher level of food security is associated with a higher level of female education. Similarly, households are more food secure when women are more responsible for household income. Further, it reveals that the economic burden on women being the single income earner has not affected on changing the level of food security in their households.

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