Examining the Multiple Intelligence Types Based on Academic Success, Age, Gender and Job Experience of Physical Education Teachers in State Schools in Turkey
- Multiple intelligence theory, Intelligence types, Education system, Sports, Teaching physical education, Academic achievement.
The current approach to education has highly changed compared to the past approach where individual differences and potentials were overlooked. Today, there is an education system that reveals the potentials of individuals, shapes the strong sides and supports the weak sides. This approach is based on the multiple intelligence theory. The aim of this study is to examine the profiles of educators based on the multiple intelligence theory. This is a scan model descriptive research. It was carried out in 2017 in four cities in Turkey (Istanbul, Ankara, Samsun, Gaziantep) with the participation of 110 physical education teachers (46 female, 64 male) whose ages were 22-42 (an average age of 31,98). To collect data, the reliability index was determined as .81, and the “Multiple Intelligences Inventory”, translated into Turkish by Oral (2001) was used. The significance level was considered as (p<0.05). To compare the multiple intelligence type points based on the gender and age variables, the t test and Mann Whitney U test were used for paired comparisons while the Kruskal Wallis and OneWay ANOVA test was used for multiple comparisons. The significance level was considered as (p<0.05). As a result of the study, a statistically significant difference was not detected in multiple intelligence point averages based on gender, job experience and academic achievement variables while a positively significant difference was found in the social intelligence type based on the age variable.