Vol. 3 No. 1 (2017)

Development and Validation of Economics Achievement Test for Secondary Schools

Lydia Ijeoma Eleje
Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Awka, Nigeria
Chidiebere Christopher Abanobi
Department of Educational Psychology, Federal College of Education (T), Asaba, Nigeria
Emma Obasi
Department of Social Science Education, Faculty of Education, Imo State University, Owerri Nigeria

Published 2017-06-05

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  • Development, Economics, Achievement test, Validation, Reliability, Item analysis, Senior secondary two.

How to Cite

Eleje, L. I., Abanobi, C. C., & Obasi, E. (2017). Development and Validation of Economics Achievement Test for Secondary Schools. Asian Journal of Education and Training, 3(1), 6–17. https://doi.org/10.20448/journal.522/2017.3.1/522.1.6.17


Economics achievement test (EAT) for assessing senior secondary two (SS2) achievement in economics was developed and validated in the study. Five research questions guided the study. Twenty and 100 mid-senior secondary (SS2) economics students was used for the pilot testing and reliability check respectively. A sample of 250 students randomly drawn was used to subject initial 80 objective test items for the test try-out that yielded the data for item analysis. 50 items with difficulty indices ranged from 0.25 to 0.79 and discrimination indices of 0.20 to 0.58 where retained. Face and content validation of EAT was ensured by constructing items in line with the test blue print, the use of subject experts in SS2 economics and two experts in test construction. The test reliability established through Kuder-Richardson formula 20 gave a coefficient of 0.81. The test was found to be of good quality, valid and highly reliable. The EAT is therefore recommended for use in assessing SS2 students’ achievement in economics and to determine/predict students that will do well in economics in their final class (SS3) as well as those that will have good performance in economics external examinations (WAEC and NECO).


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