- Communicative language teaching; English language learning, Foreign language learning, Language teaching; Peer learning, Teachers’ professional development, Teaching and learning strategy; Visual-only teaching strategy.
Teaching language with effective theories, directions and ways of instructing is a vital topic in the current fields of teaching and learning. Locating the most appropriate and effective teaching and learning methodologies and strategies for a given situation is important for language learning classrooms. Over the years, many theories have been created to meet the needs of the learners of that time period. However, due to the rapid development of social and cultural environments, a large number of contemporary theories have been developed and employed in a variety of different approaches and applications. This paper is a literature review paper which discusses the Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) approach, together with relevant teaching and learning methodologies and strategies. The purpose of this paper is to outline advantages, disadvantages and applications of CLT. The researcher reviewed some historical and some current papers relating to how a CLT approach can be beneficial in the current classroom environment. The result of this paper was provision of an effective overview which applies to language teachers to assist in locating and establishing appropriate teaching and learning strategies for their students with different social and cultural backgrounds.