Vol. 9 No. 1 (2022): In Progress
Articles

Evaluation of Cocoyam-Soybean Flour Blends and Sensory Properties of the Amala Dumpling

Ojo MA
Department of Food Science, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria.
Ologunde MO
Department of Food Science, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria.
Alabi OD
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria.
Ohijeagbon OR
Department of Food Science, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria.
Ojo H
Department of Food Science, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Published 2022-05-26

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Keywords

  • Cocoyam, Soybean, Flour blends, Elubo, Amala dumpling.

How to Cite

MA, O., MO, O., OD, A., OR, O., & H, O. (2022). Evaluation of Cocoyam-Soybean Flour Blends and Sensory Properties of the Amala Dumpling. Agriculture and Food Sciences Research, 9(1), 44–49. https://doi.org/10.20448/aesr.v9i1.3944

Abstract

Amala, a staple food among the Yoruba people of South West Nigeria, is mostly produced from yam. Since yam is known to be mostly carbohydrate and soybean is a legume with an appreciable quantity of protein, efforts have been made to prepare amala from the blends of cocoyam and soybean flours. The protein content of the flour blends ranged from 3.73% to 13.81%. In general, there was increase in the concentration of protein with increasing level of soy flour substitution. Unlike protein, the crude fibre content of the flour blends decreased with increasing supplementation of soy flour. Increase in oil content of the flour samples, with increasing addition of soy flour, predisposes the samples to shorter shell life and off flavor because of liability to rancidity. The lowest bulk density of 0.78 g/cm3 was recorded for sample A (100% cocoyam flour) and hence none of the flour blends could be considered as a complimentary infant substitute. In general, supplementation of cocoyam flour with soy flour enhanced the concentrations of protein, ash and dietary fibre. Therefore, it is hoped that consumption of cocoyam amala supplemented with soy flour, a cheap source of plant protein, will not only create dietary diversity, it will make more protein available for the consumers and thus help in alleviating the problem of protein energy malnutrition in developing regions of the world.

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