Different domiciles in online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic
Department of Sports Education, Faculty of Educational Science, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Aceh, Indonesia.
Department of Primary School Teacher Education, Faculty of Educational Science, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Aceh, Indonesia.
Department of Civic Education, Faculty of Educational Science, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Aceh, Indonesia.
I Kadek Suartama
Department of Educational Technology, Faculty of Educational Science, Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, Singaraja, Indonesia.
Department of Masters Islamic Education Management, IAIN Samarinda, Samarinda, Indonesia.
Wiwik Dwi Hastuti
Department Exceptional Education, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, Indonesia.
Keywords: COVID-19, Different domiciles, Online learning, Participation, Perception, Satisfaction.
This study aims to determine differences in students’ perceptions, participation and satisfaction with online learning in terms of differences in residence namely in villages and cities. This study used comparative survey research. The research data sources were 597 Indonesian students from three regions namely western, central and eastern Indonesia. Data were collected using a questionnaire, then analysed using one-way multivariate analysis of variance assisted by the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. The results of this study are as follows: (1) there are differences in perceptions of online learning during the COVID-19 period between students who come from villages and cities; (2) there are differences in participation in the online learning process during the COVID-19 period between students from rural and urban backgrounds and (3) there are differences in student satisfaction with online learning in terms of village and city backgrounds. The conclusion of this study is that students' perceptions, participation and satisfaction with online learning are better in cities than in villages. The implications of this research require the attention of the government and academics to find steps to overcome online learning problems especially in rural areas.