Examining the e-learning attitudes of Indonesian students during the COVID-19 pandemic

Irwanto Irwanto

Department of Chemistry Education, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia.


Ucu Cahyana

Department of Chemistry Education, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia.


Ni Putu Sri Ayuni

Department of Chemistry, Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, Bali, Indonesia.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.20448/jeelr.v11i1.5290

Keywords: Attitudes, Attitudes toward e-learning, COVID-19 outbreak, Indonesia, Online learning, Undergraduate students.


The COVID-19 epidemic has impacted higher education institutions across the country by switching traditional teaching practices to online learning. The attitudes of students towards e-learning are essential to research in order to determine the extent to which successful implementation of online learning. Thus, this research aims to evaluate the attitudes of Indonesian students towards e-learning throughout the pandemic. The study adopted a quantitative research approach through a survey questionnaire. The attitude of students was evaluated using the attitude scale towards e-learning. The questionnaire comprised 20 items assessing students’ attitudes towards remote learning. A questionnaire was distributed to 342 (255 female and 87 male) undergraduate students who took online courses at an Indonesian state university. The statistical analyses including descriptive statistics, t-tests and one-way ANOVA were used in the present study. The results suggested that students’ e-learning attitudes tend to be neutral. The t-test and ANOVA indicated that there was no statistically significant gap in students’ attitudes with respect to gender, daily internet usage time or level of COVID-19. Meanwhile, age, study year and personal computer ownership exerted a statistically significant impact on e-learning attitudes. Teachers can better prepare for the adoption of online learning during COVID-19 and beyond by using the valuable insights provided by the findings.


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