- Area-Based learning approach, Learning management competency, Social studies pre-service teachers, Social studies learning innovation, Chiangmai education sandbox area.
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The purposes of this research were 1) to study the requirements for the competency development of social studies pre-service teachers in the Chiangmai Education Sandbox Area; 2) to develop a manual for the competency development of social studies pre-service teachers in the Chiangmai Education Sandbox Area; and 3) to study the results of the Area-Based Approach to the transversal competency development of social studies pre-service teachers. The study was descriptive and included 64 participants in total: 1) 33 school administrators, supervisors, and teachers; and 2) 31 social studies pre-service teachers. A volunteer sampling method was used. The research instruments included 1) a non-structured interview, 2) an assessment of the manual, and 3) an assessment of competency. In the data analysis, a content analysis was carried out and presented in description, and the quantitative data were analyzed to find means and standard deviation. The results of the study revealed the following: 1) The 4 main competencies schools require of the social studies pre-service teachers are: (1) content knowledge, (2) learning management, (3) engagement strategies, and (4) professional development. 2) A manual for the area-based approach was developed, consisting of 4 learning units in 4 steps referred to as the “AAAR Area-Based Approach”. It was judged to be very appropriate and effective. And 3) The results of the assessment of the perception of the social studies pre-services teachers regarding the area-based competencies in the Chiangmai Education Sandbox Area was at the ‘good’ level.